Family Violence Prevention and Services Formula Funding Framing Paper (October 5, 2014)
The Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA) Grants to Native American Tribes (including Alaska Native Villages) and Tribal Organizations are formula grants funded through a 10% set aside in the FVPSA appropriation. These grants are primarily designed to assist federally recognized Tribes in their efforts to support the establishment, maintenance, and expansion of domestic violence programs and projects: 1) to prevent incidents of family violence, domestic violence, and dating violence; 2) to provide immediate shelter, supportive services, and access to community-based programs for victims of family violence, domestic
violence, of dating violence, and their dependents; and 3) to provide specialized services for children exposed to family violence, domestic violence, or dating violence.
In keeping with ACF’s commitment to work with tribes on a government-to-government basis, we actively solicit your input on how we can modify our funding formula to more adequately support programmatic sustainability and to maintain or increase services for victims of domestic violence in your communities.
The Administration on Children, Youth and Families administers formula (non-competitive) grants through the FVPSA program, which is within the Family and Youth Services Bureau. Between FY11 – FY 14 an average of 220 tribes and tribal programs were awarded 2-year grants, annually.
The breakout for FYll – FY14 is as follows:
The funding formula for the allocation of family violence funds is based upon the tribe’s population. The formula has two parts, the tribal population base allocation and a population category allocation.
Base allocations are determined by a tribe’s population and a funds allocation schedule. Tribes with populations between 1 and 50,000 people receive a $2,500 base allocation for the first 1,500 people. For each additional 1,000 people above the 1,500 person minimum, a tribe’s base allocation is increased $1,000. Tribes with populations between 50,001 to 100,000 people receive base allocations of$125,000, and tribes with populations of 100,001 to 150,000 receive a base allocation of $175,000.
Once the base allocations have been distributed to the tribes that have applied for FVPSA funding, the remainder of the funds are distributed using a tribal population ratio. By establishing base amounts with distribution of proportional amounts for larger tribes, FYSB balances the need for basic services for all tribes with the greater demand for services among tribes with larger populations.
2010 Census Impact on Family Violence Prevention Services Tribal Formula – In computing tribal allocations, the Census Bureau is used for population counts. Where Census Bureau data are unavailable, population from the Bureau of Indian Affairs’ Indian Population and Labor Force Repot is used.
Census data are updated every ten years. The implementation of Census data takes two years from the point of collection to publication and use in the computation of awards. Therefore, the updated Census data created changes in the tribal award amounts starting in FY12 because of the shifts in population. The key concern is that for the smallest category of tribes (those with less than 1500 population) there was an approximate 37% reduction to their awards from 2011 to 2012 (2013 & 2014 awards were similar to 2012) which decreased the grant awards for the tribes in this category from about $25K to around $15K.
Using FVPSA’s current funding formula, the award amounts shown in the table above demonstrates how changes to the population shifted award amounts in FY12. It is our intent to implement a formula that ensures adequate funding levels regardless of future changes in population numbers. Amounts distributed should be proportional for larger Tribes while balancing the need for basic services for all Tribes and Tribal programs.
Proposed Questions for the Consultation
- In seeking input from Tribal leaders, we are particularly interested in learning from you formula options that should be considered to distribute FVPSA funding in a way that is fair arid supportive to all Tribal programs that may be awarded. Should the population category for tribes with populations under 1,501 in population receive a base award amount of $5,000? This adjustment would bring the smallest awards back in line with 2011 funding or about $25,000.
- Should the formula be based solely on population counts? If not, what are the other considerations?
- What factors should be taken into consideration when considering formulas that will work well for Tribes and Tribal organizations such as consortium tribes and Alaska Native Villages?
Tribal Views Requested
ACYF looks forward to receiving tribal :views on FVPSA’s funding formula for federally recognized Tribes and tribal organizations. Supporting documents will be emailed to participants by October 23, 2014.
The deadline for submitting all comments is November 17, 2014.
To provide comments via e-mail, please send comments to firstname.lastname@example.org.
To submit written comments via regular mail or overnight mail, please send comments to: Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Family and Youth Services Bureau, Family Violence Prevention and Services Program, 1250 Maryland Avenue, SW, Suite 8213, Washington, DC 20024, Attention: Shena R. Williams, Senior Program Specialist.
For telephone inquiry contact Shena R. Williams, 202-205-5932.